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What is Location-Based Marketing? How it works + examples

Today users expect personalized experiences, information, and moments tailored directly to them. Location-based marketing can meet these expectations with location technology to deliver relevant content. 

This location-based marketing strategy uses geographical information to tailor content and messages. Let’s get into the types of location marketing strategies available, and how they work.

Importance of Personalization

Consumers are constantly bombarded with generic ads that often miss the mark. Location-based marketing offers a way to cut through the noise with personalized messages that resonate with individuals based on where they are. This captures attention and creates a stronger connection between the brand and the consumer.

Proximity Marketing

using proximity marketing in location based marketing

How it Works

Proximity marketing, or hyperlocal advertising, targets consumers based on their proximity to a business. This is achieved through technologies like geofencing, geotargeting, and beacons.


Geofencing creates a virtual boundary around a specific location. When a mobile device enters this boundary, it triggers a pre-set action such as sending a notification, advertisement, or coupon to the user. For example, a retail store might set up a geofence around its location and send special offers to customers who enter the area.


Beacons are small, Bluetooth-enabled devices that transmit signals to nearby smartphones. When a smartphone comes within range of a beacon, it receives targeted messages or notifications. This can be used in various settings, such as sending a discount code to a shopper as they pass by a particular aisle in a store.


Proximity marketing offers many benefits:

  • Increased Customer Engagement. By delivering timely and relevant messages, businesses can significantly increase customer engagement.
  • Enhanced Brand Awareness. Personalized messages help in making the brand more memorable and distinctive.
  • Higher Sales and Loyalty. Studies show that location-based marketing businesses report higher sales and increased customer loyalty. According to Factual, 90% of marketers using location-based marketing reported higher sales. And 86% saw growth in their customer base.

Use Cases

Proximity marketing is beneficial for businesses like retail stores, grocery stores, and restaurants. It can be used to:

  • Drive In-Store Sales: Encourage customers to visit and make purchases.
  • Increase Engagement: Interact with customers in real-time and enhance their shopping experience.
  • Promote Events: Announce special events, sales, or promotions to nearby customers.

Targeting with Location-Based Marketing

targeting with location-based marketing

Precision and Relevance

Traditional marketing methods use a wide net to reach potential customers. Digital tools now allow for more precise targeting based on actual locations. This precision ensures that marketing content is relevant and timely. Which is crucial for a successful marketing strategy.

Use Cases

Location-based marketing can be used for:

  • Retail Stores: Send promotions and discounts to shoppers as they approach or enter the store. Check out these retail email campaign ideas for inspiration.
  • Grocery Stores: Inform customers about ongoing sales or new products in the vicinity.
  • Restaurants: Offer special deals to diners when they are nearby or send them reminders about reservations.

The Role of Data

Location data from GPS, Wi-Fi, cellular signals, and IP addresses lets marketers create accurate audience profiles. This data helps businesses understand their customers better and improve their marketing efforts.

Combining Location Data for Effective Marketing

Accurate Audience Targeting

Combining GPS, Wi-Fi, cellular signals, and IP addresses, marketers can create accurate audience profiles. They can understand their customers and competitors better, making their marketing efforts effective.

Timing and Relevance

The success of location-based marketing hinges on the timing and relevance of the messages. Marketers should align their messages with users’ current experiences and routines. However, they should be careful not to overwhelm users with too many alerts, which can lead to ad fatigue.

Privacy and Opt-In Rates

Maintaining user privacy is crucial for the success of location-based marketing. Businesses need to provide transparency and make it easy for users to opt-in to tracking. Fortunately, many platforms offer built-in privacy settings to help manage this aspect.

Location Technology in Marketing

Types of Location Technology

There are several types of location technology used in marketing:

  • GPS: Provides precise location data but requires clear skies and is battery-intensive.
  • Wi-Fi: Offers good indoor location data and works where GPS might fail.
  • Bluetooth Beacons: Useful for hyperlocal targeting within a smaller radius.
  • IP Addresses: Offer broader location data, typically at the city or regional level.

Advantages of Using Location Technology

Using location technology in marketing offers many advantages:

  • Enhanced Targeting: More accurate targeting leads to better customer engagement.
  • Cost Efficiency: Reduces wastage by targeting only those likely to be interested in the offer.
  • Improved Metrics: Provides detailed insights into customer behaviors and preferences.

Examples of Location-Based Marketing

Brand Example: Google Maps 

using Google Maps for location-based marketing

Google Maps effectively uses location-based marketing to capture customer feedback at the most opportune moment. When a user finishes visiting a local establishment, Google Maps detects this via device location and sends a prompt asking for a rating. The star rating system is quick and effective, allowing users to provide feedback while their experience is still fresh in their minds.

Key Takeaway: Offering customers the opportunity to share their experiences immediately after interacting with your brand can provide valuable real-time feedback. This helps businesses understand customer sentiment and improve their offerings.

Brand Example: Yelp 

using Yelp for location-based marketing

Yelp uses location-based marketing to enhance user journeys by providing personalized recommendations. When a user is in a specific location, Yelp sends push notifications with tailored suggestions for nearby restaurants or services. This approach helps users find what they need quickly and effectively, improving both short-term and long-term user retention.

Key Takeaway: By mapping out your app’s user journey and offering valuable recommendations at every step, you can enhance the user experience and build loyalty.

Brand Example: GasBuddy 

Gasbuddy for location-based marketing

GasBuddy uses location intelligence to direct users to nearby gas stations with the best deals. By allowing users to share their location and fuel prices, GasBuddy provides a valuable exchange of information. This strategy helps users save money and time, and has contributed to the app’s popularity.

Key Takeaway: Implementing a valuable exchange for users and utilizing location-based data can guide customers to relevant solutions that meet their immediate needs.

Brand Example: Bridgestone

Bridgestone used location-based marketing to promote its multi-brand outlets in India. Using a location-based marketing tool, Bridgestone targeted people in the surrounding area of their stores. This approach helped increase brand loyalty by connecting with potential customers in real time.

Key Takeaway: Targeting local customers through location-based marketing can enhance brand loyalty and drive more in-store visits.

Location Based Mobile Marketing Strategies

Using Mobile Technology

Mobile marketing uses location data to deliver content, offers, and messages via mobile devices. This approach increases engagement, retention, and conversions while improving brand awareness.

Effective Strategies

Techniques like geofencing and beacons help track user locations and deliver messages in real time. This helps in measuring campaign effectiveness. You can use metrics like foot traffic, customer engagement, and conversion rates.

Overcoming Challenges

One of the biggest challenges for businesses using location-based marketing is maintaining privacy. Ensuring users’ consent to being tracked is crucial. Businesses should use anonymized data to protect privacy while still delivering relevant messages.

Measuring Success

To determine the success of location-based marketing campaigns, businesses should monitor various metrics such as:

  • Foot Traffic: The number of visitors to a physical location.
  • Customer Engagement: Interaction rates with the delivered messages.
  • Conversion Rates: The percentage of users who take the desired action.
  • Return on Investment (ROI): The financial return from the marketing efforts.

Combining Local Data for a Successful Marketing Strategy

Benefits of Combining Local Data

Combining local data from various sources enhances the accuracy and effectiveness of marketing campaigns. This data includes:

  • Customer Demographics: Age, gender, income level, and other demographic information.
  • Behavioral Data: Shopping habits, preferences, and past interactions.
  • Competitor Analysis: Understanding competitors’ customer base and strategies.

Implementing Local Data in Marketing

By integrating local data into marketing strategies, businesses can:

  • Enhance Personalization: Deliver more relevant and personalized content to users.
  • Improve Targeting: Focus marketing efforts on the most promising customer segments.
  • Increase Engagement: Increase the likelihood of user interaction and conversion.

Tools and Platforms

Several tools and platforms help businesses combine and analyze local data for marketing purposes:

  • Google Analytics: Provides insights into website traffic and user behavior.
  • Social Media Analytics: Offers data on user interactions and preferences on social platforms.
  • CRM: Manage and analyze customer data to improve marketing.
  • Email Marketing Services: Send targeted and personalized emails based on location data.

Changing Location on Google Chrome for Testing

For businesses looking to test their location-based marketing strategies, changing location on Google Chrome can be useful. This lets marketers see how their campaigns appear to users in different locations. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Open Google Chrome and go to the website you want to test.
  2. Press Ctrl+Shift+I (Windows) or Cmd+Option+I (Mac) to open Developer Tools.
  3. Click on the three-dot menu in the Developer Tools panel and select More tools > Sensors.
  4. Under the Geolocation dropdown, select a preset location or enter custom coordinates.

By changing the location on Google Chrome, businesses can make sure their location-based marketing efforts are working correctly across different regions.

Location-Based Marketing Strategy: Wrap-up

Location-based marketing is a powerful tool. Use it to deliver personalized, timely messages to their target customers. Location technology and combining local data, companies can improve their marketing, increase sales, and build stronger customer relationships. 

Using strategies like geofencing, beacons, and proximity marketing can boost engagement and drive successful marketing outcomes. 


An example of location-based marketing is a retail store using geofencing to send discount notifications to customers’ smartphones when they enter a specific area around the store. For instance, a coffee shop might send a special offer to people who are nearby during morning hours to attract them for breakfast.

Location-based marketing is a strategy where businesses use a customer’s geographical location to deliver personalized marketing messages and advertisements. This approach leverages technologies like GPS, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth to target customers with relevant offers based on their current location.

Some disadvantages of location-based marketing include:

  • Privacy Concerns: Customers may be wary of sharing their location data.
  • Ad Fatigue: Too many notifications can overwhelm users and lead to them ignoring or blocking alerts.
  • Technical Limitations: Accuracy can vary depending on the technology used, such as GPS signal issues in dense urban areas.
  • Opt-In Requirement: Users need to grant permission for location tracking, which not everyone may be willing to do.

Rukham Khan

Rukham Khan, is marketing writer and specialist. He writes about email, content, and lead generation tactics in an effort to help and inform entrepreneurs and small businesses. In his free time, you can find him playing squash or managing his personal blog on Medium.